Accurate information on the cost and financing of national immunization programs can be lacking. Research and a new website are designed to help governments worldwide manage their immunization programs and plan for the future. See more here
Forty experts and policy makers reviewed the current evidence on immunization delivery costs and identified essential information needs, methodological issues, gaps in use of data, as well as priorities and future actions. Read report here
A recent issue of Health Affairs published the return on investment for vaccination in 94 low- and middle-income countries. Furthermore, an EPIC study finds that governments fund more than half of total immunization expenditures. See more here
This is the result of a new study, published in the journal Health Affairs. Projected vaccination rates of 94 low- and middle-income countries from 2011 to 2020 were used to determine the economic benefits. See more here
The recent issue published, among others, papers on the return on investment, and the share of government financing of immunization program. The briefing video, audio, agenda, and slides have been posted to Health Affair's website.
PAHO / WHO: Although new vaccines are more costly than traditional ones, they are overwhelmingly cost-effective and should continue to be considered a public health "best buy." See more here.
Performance, productivity and costs of immunization programs - evidence from the EPIC studies. This panel session focuses on the productivity and cost determinants of routine immunization programs. See more here.
The resource requirements for national immunizations have rapidly increased in the last decade with the introduction of costly new vaccines. In this context, accurate information on the cost and financing of national immunization programs is essential for strategic planning and program management activities of national ministries as well as for donors.
Despite the existence of tools such as the World Health Organization’s Comprehensive Multi-Year Planning Tool (CMYP) and the Joint Reporting Form, high-quality information on costs, expenditures, and funding flows are generally lacking. Where such information exists, it is not easily comparable across settings, and it is rarely used to examine productive efficiency.
To address this gap, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation provided financing for EPIC--a coordinated set of immunization costing and financing studies in 2012-2014 in six countries (Benin Ghana Uganda Zambia Moldova and Honduras). These studies collected data at central, subnational, and facility-level and were notable for their rigor in terms of sample design and comprehensiveness of resource use measurement.